Monolithic rock-cut temple: Bhairavakona



Bhairavakona is the pilgrim centre, located in Ambavaram Kothapalli village, Chandra sekara puram (also known as CS Puram) mandal of Prakasam district, 120 km from Ongole. It borders Sri Potti Sri Ramulu Nellore and Kadapa districts.


The main attractions of Bhairavakona, , are the ancient rock-cut cave temples and scenic beauty since it lies in Nallamala Forest and Hills range.

The main deity is lord Bhareveswara. And the goddess is Trimukadurga devi. Fiery Lord Bhairava is the “Kshetrapalaka'' for the temple at the revered hill with as many as 101 Shivalingams.

An interesting feature of this temple is 8 temples are carved out of one rock and Lord Shiva appears in 8 different forms. Lord Shiva appears in eight forms - Shashinaga, Rudra, Visweswara, Nagarikeswara, Bhargeswara, Rameswara, Mallikarjuna and Pakshamalika Linga.

The ancient temples carved in a hill at Bhairavakona attract many people on Karthika Pournami and Shivarathri. An interesting feature that attracts devotees to Bhairavakona is that moonlight falls on the idol of godess Durgadevi on the day of Karthika Pournami and Maha Shivaratri.

Devotees in large numbers from the districts of Prakasam, Potti Sriramulu Nellore and YSR Kadapa and also from neighbouring Tamil Nadu and Karnataka visit the hill temple for worshipping the divine after a bath in the waterfalls.

WATERFALLS



There is a beautiful waterfall at Bhairavakona, adjacent to the rock-cut caves. The fall will flow throughout the year. The water from the falls flows down from 200 meters above and flows about 3 feet below through the Durga Devi temple.

The water from the falls which originates from Lingala Penta flows for over 5 kms and reaches Lakshmi, Parvathi and Saraswathi lake. It further flows and reaches Triveni Sangamam and Chitrakota lakes and then passes in front of the diety.


The water flowing through several medicinal plants on the way is also known to have a healing touch to several ailments.

HISTORY:


Legend says that Kala Bhairava once prevailed this region and from then this place was called as Bhairava Kona.


The temples date back to 7th to 8th AD by archaeologists. The architectural style of temples is similar to the temples that were constructed during the Pallava Dynasty. This dynasty ruled Tamil Nadu and made it into prosperous region. Many of the temples have Shivalingas as well as small images of Lord Shiva and other Hindu Gods and Goddesses.


Breathtaking scenery all around, the jaw dropping waterfalls, chirping of the birds and the wild life all around all add to the glory of this place.


HOW TO REACH:

  • Bhairavakona is well connected by buses to all the near by villages. One getting there should first reach the Ambavaram-kothapalli village and from there buses to Bhairavakona will be running continuously from morning to evening.
  • There is no train service to Bhairavakona, however you can reach Ongole, Kavali, Nellore or Kadapa, Yerraguntla railway stations.
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Niagra of India: Hogenakkal water falls

The first condition of understanding a foreign country is to smell it.
Rudyard Kipling


Hogenakkal Falls is a waterfall in South India on the river Kaveri. It is located in the Dharmapuri district of the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu. The water drops from an elevation of about 65 feet at its highest point and from 15 feet at its lowest point.

The falls is a quiet and beautiful waterfall and is a good picnic spot. It is coined as Niagra of India due to the high waterfall intensity. Its water is believed to have curative powers as the Kaveri (Cauvery) river flows through a forest of herbs on its journey to Hogenakkal.


The Carbonatite rocks found near the waterfall are one of the oldest in the world. This is also the site of a proposed project to generate drinking water.

MEANING OF THE HOGENAKKAL:


The word Hogenakkal is formed of two Kannada words hoge and kal. When the water falls on the rocks it appears as if hoge (smoke) is emanating from the top of the kal (rock) because of the force of the water, hence Hogenakkal (smoking rocks). It is also called as Marikottayam by the people of Tamil Nadu.


The Hogenakkal Falls is famous for its medicinal baths and boating in round bamboo boats with hides (coracles). However boating is allowed only during dry season when the waterfalls aren’t so strong. The coracles or circular basket boats are propelled by a single paddle making them unique. In local languages these boats are called Parisal, Teppa or Harigolu.

The area around the Hogenakkal Falls remains crowded during peak season and there are stalls on the way to the falls. Freshly caught fish, snacks, water are sold by various vendors. Some stalls cook fresh fishes for their customers.


One can try getting a massage from the famed Hogenakkal masseurs. The local malishkarans or the mystic masseurs are armed with oils, powders and esoteric knowledge about the different massage points in the human body. There are also a few women masseurs. The massage offered here is a nice experience for the visitors.

BEST TIME TO VISIT:


The best time to visit the Hogenakkal Falls is just after the monsoons, when it is in full torrent. However, some tourists choose to visit the place in off-season to avoid the crowd.


HOW TO REACH?


Hogenakkal is 140km from Bangalore and 44 kms from Dharmapuri town. From Dharmapuri you will get direct bus to Hogenakkal.

By Bus:
You can easily reach Dharmapuri from Bangalore in TNSTC buses.

By Rail:
You can also go in train till Dharmapuri.
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The thriving Jog falls

Jog Falls in Karnataka is the second-highest plunge waterfall in India. It is located near Sagara in Shimoga, Kannada state.

The waterfall is locally known as Geruoppe Falls, Gersoppa Falls and Jogada Gundi. The word ‘Jog’ is a Kannada word, which means falls. It is said that the word ‘Jog’ is derived from the word Javalu, which means water coming out forming wetlands.


Its height is 253 m and width is 472 m. Its formed by the Sharavati river when it splits in to four parts and jumps from the Deccan plateau to the plains. The four parts are called Raja, Rocket, Roarer and Rani. Associated with the falls is the Lingamakki dam and hydroelectric power station visioned by Sri M Vishveshwarayya.

There are many waterfalls in Asia - and also in India - which drop from a higher altitude. But, unlike most of such falls, Jog Falls is untiered, i.e., it drops directly and does not stream on to rocks. Thus, it can be described as the First-highest untiered waterfall in India.


During summers the waterfall will reduce to small narrow streams while during monsoon and winters it will be roaring with water. The beauty of the waterfalls is enhanced by the lush green surroundings, which provides a scenic backdrop to the falls. The falls will be spectacular if the water falling down was more.

Visitors can hike down to the base of the falls and can take a plunge in the water. There are several points from where you can view the beauty of the Jog falls. Watkins platform is one of the popular points to view the falls. One can also get scenic look of the falls from the rock outcrop near Bombay Bungalow. The area near the falls is also ideal for trekking.

WHAT TO SEE?


Other places to visit near the falls are the Swarna Nadi riverbank, the Sharavathi valley, the Dabbe falls, Linganamakki Dam, Tunga Anicut Dam, Thyvare Koppa Lion and Tiger reserve and Sharavati River.


BEST TIME TO VISIT:

The best season to visit Jog falls is the monsoons i.e., August and September are the best months to visit. It is the ideal time to see the waterfall. The water falls with great force that it creates a cloud of vapour. October to January is also fine. But during summer the water will be very less.

FOOD:

There are only a handful number of hotels and lodges at the falls.

WHERE TO STAY

There are plenty of accommodation options near Jog Falls in Shimoga. One can find many budget and mid-range hotels. During season its advisable to book in advance and come i.e., in the months of August to December. One can also opt to stay at state run tourist hotels.

HOW TO REACH?

  • The road distance is 385 kms from Bangalore and 160 km from Hubli city.
  • Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation KSRTC runs one Rajahamsa till the waterfall. Alternatively one can reach Shimoga by direct KSRTC or Railway services from Bangalore. From Shimoga private and KSRTC buses are available till the falls.

DISCLAIMER: Images from Inter net.
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List of top 10 famous beaches in India

India has a coastline of over 7,500 km, with some of the most stunning beaches, which are ideal holiday locations for sea lovers. So before you plan your next seaside vacation, check out the 10 must visit beach destinations in our country.

1) Baga Beach:



Baga Beach is a popular beach and tourist destination in North Goa. Baga is located at the north end of the contiguous beach stretch that starts from Sinquerim, Candolim, leads to Calangute and then to Baga. It is located in North Goa, 16 kilometers from Panaji, the state capital.

The beach is named after the Baga Creek, which empties into the Arabian Sea at the north end of the beach.

Baga Beach is also famous for its para sailing, water sports and dolphin cruises. It is visited by thousands of tourists every year.

Best time to visit: October to May

2) Radhanagar Beach:


Bestowed with the precious award of ‘Asia’s best beach’ by TIME Magazine, Radha Nagar Beach situated 12kms from Havelock’s ferry pier is undoubtedly one of the beat beaches of Andaman Islands.

Fine white sand, the calm waters and the scenic surroundings make it the perfect gateway for relaxation. Nature lovers can also explore the wide range of flora and fauna around the beach.

It is also a great place to spend some quiet, quality moments with family and friends. A silent walk on the beach or around the lining forests, enjoying a sunbath, reading that favorite book in one of the coffee corners overlooking the ocean – what more could one ask for!

Best time to visit: Anytime except monsoon

3) Gokarna Beach:


Gokarna is a small and remote holy town in northern Karnataka, with four of India's most secluded and pristine beaches nestled nearby. It draws both pious pilgrims and hedonistic holiday makers with equal enthusiasm. It's an amazing untouched peaceful beach. A place which gives your mind a rest much needed

Most foreign tourists come to stay on one of the 4 beaches just south of town. Kudlee Beach is the first, about a 20 minute walk, followed by Om Beach, Half Moon Beach and the secluded Paradise Beach - the beaches get more remote and less populated as you head south.

Best time to visit: October to March

4) Mandarmani Beach:



Mandarmani is an isolated beach located in the state of West Bengal, India, lies in East Midnapore district and at the northern end of the Bay of Bengal. It is one of the large and fast developing seaside resort village of West Bengal. It is almost 180 km from Kolkata Airport.

This 13 km long sea-beach, probably the longest driveable beach in India. On the beach you will undoubtedly get the chance to feel the divinity and tranquility. If that is not enough to please your senses, then try to loll on the sand and listen to the waves crashing upon the shore, which will surely drive away your bustling pressure.

Best time to visit: Anytime except the monsoon season.

5) Cherai Beach:

The lovely and shallow Cherai beach is located Vypin island, which is 25 kms away from Kochi city in Kerala.

The sea on the Western side and the backwaters on the East give this upcoming tourist destination a uniqueness which can be found only in Kerala. Thick coconut groves and Chinese fishing nets on the waterfront are added attractions. The calm seawater makes it ideal for swimming and occasionally dolphins are also seen at Cherai.

Tourists also enjoy boating on the beautiful backwaters, just a few minutes away from the beach.

Best time to visit:September to March

6) Kovalam Beach:


Kovalam is a beach town by the Arabian Sea , located around 16 km from in Thiruvananthapuram, the capital city of Kerala.

It comprises three adjacent crescent beaches separated by rocky outcroppings in its 17 km coastline. It has been a favourite haunt of tourists, especially Europeans, since the 1930s. A massive rocky promontory on the beach has created a beautiful bay of calm waters ideal for sea bathing.

There are plenty of leisure options for tourists such as Ayurvedic massage centres, catamaran cruises, shopping zones around the beach complex. The calm water is ideal for swimming and many foreign tourists frequent this popular destination.

Best time to visit: September to March

7) Bangaram Beach:


The Jewel of the Lakshadeep, Bangaram island (Laccadives) is uninhabited except for occasional visitors from the nearest island, Agatti, where the airport is situated. Bangaram presents a breathtaking spectacle of sparkling coral reefs, turquoise blue lagoons, silvery beaches and lush green coconut palms. Bangaram is an atoll in the Union Territory of Lakshadweep. The atoll is about 7 km northeast of the island of Agatti.

The island is popular for its serene setting. Numerous species of tropical birds are found on the island. The resort offers numerous adventure activities, including scuba diving, snorkelling, deep sea fishing beside white sand beaches, a calm lagoon and a sparkling, clear coral reef.

Bangaram island been ranked among the best getaways of the world. The teardrop-shaped island has superb beaches and beautiful lagoons. Bangaram Island Resort offers utmost privacy unpolluted comfort with crystal clear water. Sparkling coral reef and blue lagoon perform magic on the soul searching traveler

Best time to visit: Anytime except the monsoon season

8) Tarkarli Beach:


Tarkarli is a narrow stretch of beach with pristine waters, located at the convergence of the Karli River and the Arabian Sea. This place has gained prominence because of its transparently clear seas, where on a fairly sunny day, one can see the sea- bed up to a depth of 20 feet. This beach can be rightly called as ‘Queen Beach’ of Sindhudurg.

From there, one can see the famous naval fort Sindhudurg built by Shivaji Maharaj. This village is famous for its Ramnavmi Utsav. For adventure water sports lovers, snorkelling and scuba diving facilities are also available at Tarkarli.

Best time to visit:November to April

9) Mandrem Beach:


Mandrem beach is a beautiful isolated beach located in North Goa, is the most captivating beach and offers the best option to spend the night.

It is considered to be a haven for newly married couples because of its secluded location. Nearby Mandrem are Ashvim and Morjim beaches, famous for turtle nesting. There is a small Portugese fort close to Mandrem, you will see it as soon as you walk out on the beach

For accommodation there are hut camps and hotels all around the beach. You can ask local fishermen to take you for a trip up the creek. You can also go for dolphin-spotting trips.

Best time to visit: October to April

10) Palolem Beach:


Palolem beach is located in south Goa, 76 kilometers from Panaji, the state's capital. Palolem is one of the most beautiful beaches in Goa and as a result, it often becomes overcrowded during the holiday season.

The beach, surrounded by thick forest of coconut trees, is popular with tourists from India as well as abroad. Other neighbouring beaches in South Goa include Agonda Beach and Cola Beach.

Palolem offers plenty for tourists, including relaxation and adventure. There is a market just behind the beach that sells jewelry, clothes, and souvenirs. Tourists can also visit Cotigao Wildlife Sanctuary, which is close by.

Best time to visit: September to May

Disclaimer: Source from Internet.
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Lepakshi - A wonderful piece of architecture

Wandering re-establishes the original harmony which once existed between man and the universe.
-Anatole France

The historic town of Lepakshi, located in Anantpur District of Andhra Pradesh particularly famous for its Vijaynagar style temples, holds a mirror to the past. The handicrafts of Lepakshi are also quite popular among women all over the country.

It is 15 km east of Hindupur and about 120 km north of Bangalore. It’s a revitalizing trip for those who believe in heritage sites, for those who marvel at the art of our ancestors, and those willing to get away from the routine multiple-destination tourist routes.


ETYMOLOGY:


This gem of a temple is so beautiful that you have to be made of stone to not be awed by it. When Sita was abducted by Ravana, the mythical bird Jatayu fought with Ravana right here. Ravana cut off its wing then Jatayu lay here, injured. When Sri Rama reached the spot, he saw the bird and said compassionately, “le, pakshi” – ‘rise, bird in Telugu. Then the bird rose. Hence the name Lepakshi.


ABOUT TEMPLE:


At the height of its fame during the 16th century, Lepakshi was a centre of pilgrimage and trade.

This temple is a notable example of the Vijayanagar style of architecture. The temple of Veerabhadra is mention in 'Skandapurana' as one of the 108 important 'Shaiva Kshetras'.

The temple is built on a low, rocky hill called Kurmasailam - meaning tortoise hill in Telugu, after the shape of the hill.

Legend has it that the temple of Veerabhadra was constructed by Saint 'Agastya' himself. But as per history it was built in the mid-16th century by brothers Viranna and Virupanna, Vijayanagara governors of Penukonda. Virupanna, as the king's treasurer, had vast sums at his disposal, which he spent on making Lepakshi a magnificent temple.

The temple’s main deity is Veerabhadra, the fiery god created by Shiva in his rage after the Daksha Yagna and the immolation of Parvathi.

The temple has a huge complex where three shrines dedicated to Lord Shiva, Lord Vishnu and Lord Virabhadra. Lord Virabhadra is the wrathful manifestation form of Shiva, the patron deity of the Nayak rulers.

On the walls of this temple, there are several stories like Mahabharata, Ramayana etc are sculpted. Also on the roof there are so many beautiful paintings have been coloured using vegetable & natural dyes.

WHAT TO SEE:



Nandhi:

A huge Nandi (bull) made out of single granite stone near the Veerabhadra temple carved out of a monolith is yet another remarkable feature. At 27ft in length and 15ft in height, it is a colossal structure, reputedly India’s biggest monolithic Nandi.

The Nandi positioned as one foot has waiting to get up, ears open – for the lord Shiva has to call the bull, so it is waiting to serve him.


Naga-lingam:

Behind the temple, it is a massive Naga (snake) with three coils and seven hoods. It forms a sheltering canopy over a black granite Shivalingam. It’s reckoned by many as the largest Nagalinga in India.

It is said that during lunch break, a group of brothers waited outside the kitchen at this spot, as their mother hurried to cook their meal. Not wanting to waste their time waiting, they built this in the 30 minutes that it took their mother to prepare the food.


Chaviti Vinayakudu:

Once you reach the temple’s outer enclosure, you will see a mammoth Ganesha (Vinayaka) - hewn in stone and leaning against a rock.

Hanging Pillar:

This temple also famed Hanging Column or Pillar . The pillar which does not rest on the ground fully, one can passed the twig slowly under the pillar. From one end to the other!

There are about 70 pillars at this fabulous 16th century temple. This one is the best known and a tribute to the engineering genius of ancient and medieval India’s temple builders. However, it is a bit dislodged from its original position - it is said that during the British era, a British engineer tried to move it in an unsuccessful attempt to uncover the secret of its support. In doing so, they moved it slightly. That led to many other pillars and beams around re-aligning themselves. Scared that the temple would collapse, they let it be and there were no further investigations. It was obvious to them that this was a very crucial column, probably one of the main supports.

Kalyana mandapam:

The Kalyana Mandapam or marriage hall is another hall known for its artistic beauty. Among the many eye-catchers in this temple, the frieze of geese with lotus stalks in their beaks stands out.

The marriage hall is not completed. Had Virupanna lift to complete this marriage hall, it would had been the most celebrate of its kind.

Mural Paintings:

It contains some of the finest sculpture of the period and has the earliest preserved cycle of mural paintings in the Vijayanagara style. It is said that the 24 by 14 ft fresco of Veerabhadra on the ceiling before the main sanctum sanctorum is the largest in India of any single figure. The rest of the frescoes are also beautiful and show an impressive attention to detail with colours strikingly contrasted - black limework against an orange-red background with some green, white, black, and shades of ochre-gold and brown mostly applied to a stucco surface specially treated with lime.

Sita Amma Padam:

There is a large footprint on the stone in the temple compound supposedly Godess Durga. Some call it 'Durga Paadam' or 'Seethamma paadam'.

There is intresting story about this footprint. When godess Sita devi was taken over by Ravana, Jataayu came to save Sita and fought with Ravana. While Jataayu was wounded, Sita kept her feet on the ground and water started to flow from that place. This water saved Jataayu till Lord Rama came. Local people say, water will never get dried in this place throughout the year.

Eyes of Virupanna:

One more famous spot in this temple is "Eyes of Virupanna". As the history says, Virupanna use money from treasury to use build this massive temple when the Vijayanagara king away. When the king retuned, he find his treasury is empty without his permission and the king ordered to make him blind. When Virupanna heard this, he decided to carry out the task himself and plucked his own eyes and throw at this temple walls. Till date one can find those blood scars on the western wall of the inner enclosure.

If you have time, check out nearby Dharmavaram, the well-known silk weaving centre, and Hindupur and surrounding villages where, elegant cottons are woven.

BEST TIME TO VISIT


Summers are uncomfortably hot and humid. The best time therefore to visit Lepakshi is between November and March.

HOW TO REACH:


By Road:
Lepakshi is 480 km from Hyderabad. It is 120 km from Bangalore. On the way to Hyderabad from Bangalore, you have to take about 16kms on the left to reach Lepakshi from Hindupur.

By Rail:
The nearest railway station in Hindupur. Autos and buses ply to Lepakshi from here.

By Air:
Bangalore International Airport is the nearest airport.
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Wonderful Wayanad in Kerala



Wayanad is a bright green mountainous region in north-east Kerala, which stretches for over 2,000 square kilometers along the Western Ghats. It has a great deal of scenic appeal. Abundant coconut palms, thick forests, coffee and tea plantations, paddy fields, and lofty peaks form the landscape. Due to the nature of its terrain, the area also has much to offer adventure enthusiasts. Wayanad is explicitly beautiful with mist clad mountains, intense forests and fertile green plantations.Wildlife aficionados and nature lovers will find Wayanad wildlife sanctuaries as the right place of visit. The place enjoys a pleasant climate the whole year.


The region was known as Mayakshetra (Maya's land) in the earliest records. Mayakshetra evolved into Mayanad and finally to Wayanad. According to Folk etymology; Wayanad is a derivative of the term Vayal Nadu, where Vayal means Paddy fields and Nadu the land, comprising it to indicate a land of paddy fields. There are many indigenous tribals in this area.


HISTORY:


According to archaeological evidence, the Wayanad forests have been inhabited for more than 3,000 years. Historians are of the view that human settlement existed in these parts for at least ten centuries before Christ. Much evidences of New Stone Age civilisation can be seen in the hills throughout the present day Wayanad district. The two caves of Ampukuthimala, with pictures on their walls and pictorial writings, speak volumes of a bygone civilisation. The recorded history of this district exists only from the 18th century onward. Agriculture Cultivation started broadly after 1900 A.D onwards.


According to the history, Wayanad was ruled by the Veda tribes, it was then taken by Pazhassi Rajas, and later Hyderali conquered Wayanad. When Tipu took over, he handed it to British. It was the British who introduced cash crops, laid roads and developed Wayanad significantly.


After the Independence of India, when the State of Kerala came into being in November 1956, Wayanad was part of Kannur district. Later, south Wayanad was added to Kozhikode district. To fulfil the aspirations of the people of Wayanad for development, North Wayanad and South Wayanad were carved out and joined together to form the present district of Wayanad. This district came into being on 1st November 1980 as one the twelve districts of Kerala, consisting of three taluks; Vythiri, Mananthavady, and Sulthan Bathery.


Snuggled amidst the Western Ghats Mountains, Wayanad is one of the exquisite hill stations of Kerala. It is a revenue state due to foreign exchange of cash crops such as vanilla, tea, coffee, pepper, cardamom and many other condiments. Wayanad shelters endangered species as it has an amazing range of flora and fauna. Other wildlife that roam the forests here include sambar and spotted dear, Indian bison, langur monkeys and, drumroll, occasionally tigers.


The prominent festivals such as Onam, Maha shivaratri and Vishu display eternal harmony.

WHAT TO SEE:

  • Edakkal Caves,
  • Kuruva Dweep,
  • Soochipara Falls,
  • Pookot Lake,
  • Meenmutty Falls,
  • Chembra Peak,
  • Kalpetta,
  • Neelimala View Point,
  • Vythiri Hill Station,
  • Banasura Sagar Dam.

GETTING HERE:


By Air:
The nearest airport is Kozhikode, 95 km from Kalpetta

By Rail:
The nearest major railway station is at Kozhikode, 75 km from Kalpetta. Other railway stations near to Wayanad are Thalassery (80 km from Mananthavadi), Kannur (93 km from Mananthavadi) and Mysore (110 km from Mananthavadi and 115 km from Sultan Bathery).

By Road:
Wayanad is well connected by road to various parts of Kerala and other neighbouring states. Buses are frequently available to Kozhikode, Kannur, Thalassery, Vadakara, Gonikoppal, etc.

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List of top 10 waterfalls in India by height

Monsoon in India really gives one of the best natural scenery, rivers are on full swing, mountains are awake after a long sleep and monsoon decorated the whole valley’s with sparking waterfalls, magnificent lakes, lush green trees and beautiful flowers. Most of the highest waterfalls are found in the mountains area of North East India. The Garo, Khasi and Jaintia Hills with its unique landscape, climatic phenomenon of heavy cloud cover and torrential rainfall host the highest waterfalls in India. These waterfalls of India are some of the most spectacular in the world. The milky Dudhsagar, Seven Sister fall and Jog waterfalls are the most beautiful and famous waterfalls of India. The mountain waterfalls are an integral part of the famous hill stations, one of the major waterfalls in north India is Palani falls near Rohtang Pass in Kullu.


1) Kunchikal Falls:




The Kunchikal falls is the highest waterfalls in India and second highest in Asia from a height of 1,493 feet (455 metres). Kunchikal Falls are located near Agumbe in Shimoga district of state of Karnataka. Agumbe valley is among the places in India that receive very heavy rainfall and it has the only permanent rain forest research station in India. The Kunchikal falls are formed by Varahi river and lies in the Western Ghats. The Ghats is well famous for its Giant Indian squirrel, Indian bullfrog and other unique birds, rare reptiles and bizarre wild animals. Kunchikal falls are the primary source of one of the hydro electric projects in Karnataka.


2) Barehipani Falls:


The Barehipani Falls is located in the core area of Simlipal National Park in Mayurbhanj district in the tribal state Orissa. The waterfall is situated on the Budhabalanga River flowing over the Meghasan mountain. This waterfall is second highest waterfalls of India with a height of 1,309 feet (399 metres). This two-tiered waterfall is originating near the Bay of Bengal. The tallest single drop is 850 feets (259 metres). The nearest railway station is at Baripada. The Joranda Falls is located nearby.


3) Langshiang Falls:


The Langshiang Falls is located near the village of Sangriang, 24 kilometres from Nongstoin, in West Khasi hills district in the Indian state of Meghalaya. It can also be seen from Mawpon village. The total height of the falls is generally quoted at around 1,106 feets (337 metres). Considering the height, it is the third highest waterfalls in India. Nongkhnum Island, the biggest river island in Meghalaya is 10 kilomsetres from Langshiang Falls.


4) Nohkalikai Falls:


The Nohkalikai falls is one of the tallest waterfalls in India. The 4th highest waterfalls in India with a height of1100 feet (335 metres). The waterfall is located near Cherrapunji, one of the wettest places on Earth. Cherrapunji is very famous for Hills, rainfall, living bridges and oranges. The other highest and popular waterfalls in Meghalaya are Nohsngithiang falls and Kynrem falls, These are also counted in top 10 highest water falls in India. Nohkalikai Falls are fed by the rainwater collected on the summit of comparatively small plateau and decrease in power during the dry season in December - February. Below the falls there has formed a plunge pool with unusual green colored water.

Name of the falls (in Khasi language - "Jump of Ka Likai") is linked to a legend about local women Likai who after family tragedy became insane and jumped off the cliff next to the falls. A brief summary of the tragic legend is as follows: A woman named Ka Likai remarries. But the new husband is jealous of her love for her daughter. While Ka Likai is out working, her new husband kills the daughter and cooks her flesh into a meal. The woman comes home and asks her husband if he knows where the daughter is. He says no, but before she goes out looking, she should have something to eat. After eating, she finds her daughter's fingers in the betel-nut basket. In despair, the woman threw herself off this cliff giving the falls its name: "Fall of Ka Likai"


5) Nohsngithiang Falls:


The Nohsngithiang Falls is also known as the Seven Sisters Waterfalls and the Mawsmai Falls. It is located 1 kilometer south of Mawsmai village in East Khasi Hills district in the Indian state of Meghalaya. This is the 5th highest waterfalls in India with 1,033 feet (315 metres) height and has an average width of 230 feets (70 metres).

It is a seven-segmented waterfall, which plunges over the top of limestone cliffs of the Khasi Hills. The falls only flow during the rainy season. In full spate, the segments stretch most of the way along the cliff. The waterfalls get illuminated by the sun from dawn to sunset. The vibrant colours of the setting sun on the waterfalls make it beautiful to behold.

In the Sohra area, there are several waterfalls because of the heavy rainfall The cascading Nohsngithiang waterfalls at Mawsmai, the hauntingly beautiful Nohkalikai Falls, and the Dain Thlen Falls. The Jaintia Hills and the Garo Hills too have their share of beautiful waterfalls, notably the Tyrchi Falls en route to Jowai and the Pelga Falls near Tura in Garo Hills.


6) Dudhsagar Falls:


The Dudhsagar Falls or the Sea of Milk (literally meaning The mihir & Chandiveera Sea of Milk) is a tiered waterfall located on the Mandovi River in the state of Goa. It is 60 km from Panaji. Dudhsagar is the 6th highest waterfall in India. This is a four tiered waterfall with a total height of 1020 feets (310 meters) and an average width of 100 feets (30 meters).

The water plummets hundreds of feet in large volumes during the monsoon season, forming one of the most spectacular natural phenomena in Goa. It is a major part of the Goa ecosystem.Dudhsagar falls is obviously one of the most popular falls in the country and a great tourist attraction of Goa apart from its exotic beaches.


7) Agaya Gangai:


Agaya Gangai waterfalls is located in Kolli Hills of the Eastern Ghats. It is in fact a multi-tiered waterfall and one can see different shades of this waterfall through its various tiers from different view points. Panchanathi, a jungle stream cascades down as the Agaya Gangai (Ganges of Sky), near the Arapaleeswarar temple atop the Kolli Hills in Namakkal district, Tamil Nadu. It is 1007 feet (307 meters) waterfall of the river Aiyaru situated close to Arapaleeswarar temple. It is located in a valley that is surrounded by mountains on all sides. The entire terrain is green and hence the temperatures are slightly lower than outside. Though, the humidity can get slightly high.

Regular buses ply from Namakkal and Salem to the Kolli Hills. A drive through ghat road from Karavalli, the village on the foothills, to Kolli Hills. Enroute, one can explore the beauty of the valley where the peaks are surrounded by green vegetation. It is also said that Paambaati Siddhar's cave is situated near the Agaya Gangai.


8) Kynrem Falls:


The Kynrem Falls is located 12 kilometres from Cherrapunji in East Khasi Hills district in the Indian state of Meghalaya. It is situated inside the Thangkharang Park. It is the 8th highest waterfalls in India. The Kynrem Falls is a three-tiered waterfalls, with water falling from a height of 1,001 feets (305 metres).


9) Meenmutty Falls:


Meenmutty Falls is located 29 km near the town of Kalpetta in Wayanad District in the state of Kerala, India. It is a three-tiered waterfall with a height of 980 feets (300 meters). Meenmutty Falls, the largest and most spectacular waterfall in the Wayanad District, is a 2 km hike though the jungle from the main Ooty Road. It is Kerala's tallest waterfall and the one most unspoiled in its natural setting. Each of its three tiers requires a separate hike through a moist, deciduous forest. The path is quiet dangerous and tiresome, but the waterfalls are worth it.


10) Thalaiyar Falls:


Thalaiyar waterfalls also known as Rat Tail Falls is located in the Palani Hills of Dindigul District, Tamil Nadu State, India. It is 975 feet (297 metre) tall and is the second highest waterfall in Tamil Nadu. The widest falls is very popular for its dangerous place and dark caves. The spot is still unexplored because there is no road to reach here.

On a clear day Rat Tail Falls is visible from the Dum Dum Rock viewpoint on the Batalugundu-Kodaikanal Ghat Road, 3.6 kilometres away to the west. It appears across the valley as a long thin white strip of cascading water on a background of black rock cliff face that juts out of the foothills. The very edge at the top of the Falls has a low concrete wall on either side concentrating the flow of water to focus the falls into a better rat tail shape. One can walk along the wall and get near the center of the falls. Just below one wall is a large flat rock about 5 feet wide. One can get down to the edge of the rock to look directly straight down to see a little river at the bottom continuing placidly through the forest. Looking back up to the side, one can watch the water in freefall, mostly silent. The noise of the crashing water below doesn't rise up. The only noise is the water pushing around the stone walls, and some smaller falls just upstream.

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